A Tour Of Duty
|June 25 1950
North Korea invades South Korea with 135,000 men,
initiating the Korean War.
The purpose of this site is not to give an historic account of the war. But,
instead, to give you, the soldier who served a tour there, during any time
frame, a chance to refresh your memory. To share your photos, your stories
and your memories. A chance to meet others who served there, to hear their
stories, see their pictures and share their memories.
A Tour Of Duty
A Gathering Place For All
June 25 1950
North Korea invades South Korea with 135,000 men, initiating the Korean War.
June 25/26 1950
25 miles from the port of Pusan, the Pak Tu San (PC-701) submarine chaser, intercepts and
sinks a North Korean freighter carrying some 600 to 1,000 N. Korean troops
Task Force Smith arrives in Korea: 1st Battalion, 21st Infantry Regiment, 24th Infantry
Division. Along with Battery A of the 52nd Field Artillery Battalion.
United Nations Command created, under General Douglas MacArthur
US Eighth Army takes command of ground operations in Korea
Lt. General Walton Walker takes command of ground forces in Korea
General Walker issues 'Stand or Die' order
US and ROK troops fall further back, but establish a 'Pusan Perimeter' defense line
anchored in the west along the Naktong river.
Aug 4 - Sept 16
84,478 U.S. troops participate in the defense of the Pusan Perimeter, including the U.S.
Army's 1st Cavalry Division, 2nd, 24th, and 25th Infantry Divisions, and the 1st
Provisional Marine Brigade.
Inchon Landing (Operation CHROMITE).
U.S. troops land at Inchon with the mission of capturing Seoul and cutting the
supply lines of the NK troops to the south.
Pusan Perimeter breakout. Eighth U.S. Army (EUSA) breaks out of the Pusan Perimeter.
Four U.S. divs (1st Cavalry Div, 2nd, 24th and 25th Infantry Div) participate.
Seoul is re-captured after a week of fighting.
Lead Elements of CCF 38th Field Army crosses the Yalu at Andong to begin China's
support of North Korea
NK capitol Pyongyang falls
Communist Chinese Forces (CCF) offensive operations begin north of Unsan with
fighting between CCF and ROK forces; first Chinese soldier is captured.
First U.S. battle with CCF, near Unsan.
X Corps resumes advance north.
US 17th Regiment reaches the Yalu
Eighth Army moves north from the Ch’ongch’on River.
Chinese forces attack Eighth Army center and right.
X Corps attacks from west in support of Eighth Army; Chinese forces strike X Corps
at Chosin Reservoir.
Eighth Army begins general withdrawal from Ch’ongch’on River line to defensive line
Nov 29 - Dec 1
Chinese forces devastate U.S. 2d Infantry Division as it guards Eighth Army withdrawal.
X Corps starts retreat to port of Hungnam.
Eighth Army falls back from Pyongyang.
Dec 11 - 24
X Corps loads on ships for evacuation to Pusan; General Almond sails on Christmas Eve.
General Walker is killed in a jeep accident, and General Matthew Ridgway assumes
command of Eighth Army
Hungnam Operation is complete—the U.S. Navy evacuates 105,000 U.S. and Republic of
Korea (ROK) forces
Jan 1 - Jan 5
New CCF offensive begins
Seoul falls; Eighth Army pulls back to line forty miles south of Seoul.
Port of Inch’on is abandoned.
Jan 5 - 11
Enemy offensive subsides; UNC situation stabilizes — intelligence sources report many
enemy units had withdrawn to refit.
Mar 7 - Mar 18
Operation RIPPER. Drives the Communists back to the 38th Parallel and retakes Seoul.
Operation TOMAHAWK. One hundred twenty C-119s and C-46s drop 3,437 paratroopers
of the 187th Regimental Combat Team near Munsan-ni in second largest airborne
operation of the war
Truman relieves General MacArthur. General Ridgway takes FECOM
General James Van Fleet assumes command of Eighth Army
The expected Chinese and North Korean spring offensive begins, with the strongest
attacks in the west, toward Seoul.
The enemy offensive is stopped just north of Seoul.
May 15 - 20
The Chinese and North Koreans resume the offensive, focusing on the east-central
region; General Van Fleet begins a counterattack.
The Eighth Army advances nearly to Line Kansas.
General Van Fleet strengthens the Kansas line and sends forces farther north, toward
The Soviet Union calls for armistice talks.
Truce talks begin at Kaesong (Click To View)
Communist negotiators break off Kaesong talks
Aug - Oct
UN forces continue a slow but steady advance northward.
Panmunjom named as the new site for negotiations. (Click To View)
Tents are erected to hold the negotiation talks in
No Fire zones are designated (Click To View)
Peace talks resume at Panmunjom
General Ridgway, the UNC commander, instructs General Van Fleet to cease Eighth
Army offensive operations and to assume an "active defense."
38th Parallel designated as line of demarcation, fighting eases
POW lists exchanged by all sides
Dec 18 - 31
The communists fail to sign the Nov 27th agreement. Allied commanders now agree that
any MDL will be decided WHEN a final armistice is signed
UN proposes POW exchange; northern forces reject offer
Feb - Aug
Strategic Heavy fighting continues as each side tries to gain ground. It has become a war
of attrition as fierce battles take place at select strategic locations. Attack, defend,
counter attack, with each side trying to gain an advantage.
General Mark W. Clark assumes command of the UNC.
Communists break off talks
For the remainder of 52 and into 1953, the war had become a bloody stalemate.
Truce talks resume at Panmunjom
Operation Little Switch exchanges sick and wounded POWs,
Peace talks continue at Panmunjom
China boycotts the peace talks
ROK frees 27,000 N. Korean POWs who refuse repatriation
The 25th Inf Div is relieved by the 1st Marine Division on the extreme western front
Battle of Kumsong River Salient. A Communist offensive drives some 6 miles into the
rear of ROK units before being stopped and driven back by US backed ROK troops.
Final U.S. ground combat reestablishes control of ground lost over the past two weeks.
The United States, North Korea and China sign an armistice, which ends the war but fails
to bring about a permanent peace.
Shortly after the Panmunjom signings took place, General Mark Clark signed all 18 pages
(9 for each side) at the United Nations Command compound
(which later became know as Camp Pelham)
OPERATION BIG SWITCH
Repatriation of POWs starts at Freedom Village, Panmunjom and continues until Dec
A stipulation set by the Korean armistice agreement in July 1953, was that both the
Communist and United Nations Command police their respective sections of the DMZ with
"civil police," not to exceed 1,000 in the zone at any one time across the entire 155-mile
front. Since no civilian police were available to either side, requirements were modified so
that a specially designated military unit, in lieu of civil police, could be employed and the
original quota enlarged if this became feasible.
Sept 4, 1953
The 1st Marine Division activates a new unit, the 1st Provisional Demilitarized Zone
Police Company at 0800 on 4 September 1953.
Sept 1, 1954
Operation Glory (Exchange Of War Dead) commences
Sept 1953 till March of 1955
The 1st Provisional DMZ Police Company, 1st Marine Division, stood guard on the
western sector of the DMZ.
The 1st Marine Division was replaced by the 24th Infantry Div
(CLICK TO VIEW)
The 24th Recon Co. relieved the 1st Marine Provisional DMZ Police and became the
Army’s first DMZ Police Co
October 15, 1957
At Tonggu, the 24th Inf Division was reflagged as the 1st Cavalry Division.
The 1st Cav Division organizes the 1st Cav DMZ Police Company, to man the op/gp's and
patrol the zone.
July 1, 1965
The 1st Cav Div is reflagged as the 2nd Inf Div (CLICK TO VIEW)
The 2nd Inf Div is pulled off the front line and moves into reserve positions
replacing the 7th Inf Div which had returned to the states earlier that year.
However, they still continued to patrol a small portion of the DMZ until 1992 when they
finally handed over all responsibilities to the ROK Army.